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Psychological Tests and Measurements Cendan MT

Chapter 10 summary

The book “Psychological testing: Principles, applications, and issues” provides a brief overview of psychology and introduces the basic concepts of the major psychological theories. It is designed to acquaint the reader with the essence of the major psychological theories and to provide a guide to the major theories. The main objective of this book is to acquaint the reader with the essence of the major psychological theories. This objective is accomplished by providing a guide to the major theories. The book is divided into four parts: the foundations of psychology, cognitive neuroscience, behavioral neuroscience, and social psychology. Each part is introduced with a discussion of the history of the theory and an overview of its key concepts.

In chapter ten of his book, Principles of psychological testing, Richard M. Kaplan and David P. Saccuzzo discuss the ethical considerations of psychological testing. They note that while testing may be used to gather the information that is beneficial to the individual, it can also be used to harm someone. They explain how to ensure that testing is conducted ethically and mention a few examples. They note that some testing is beneficial while more testing is used for purposes of social control, and they note that testing may harm the interests of the tested person and that testing can cause psychological harm. This is because Kaplan and Saccuzzo state that psychological testing violates the fifth amendment of the United States Constitution when used to incriminate someone. They note that this occurs when the results of the test are used to prove guilt beyond a reasonable doubt. They explain how this can happen, citing an example. They state that it is not permissible to use evidence that was obtained through psychological testing in a criminal trial. Therefore, the authors suggest that psychological testing be used in court only to enhance the prosecutor’s case, and never to build a defense. They also explain that, although psychological testing has the potential to be used by the prosecution to unfairly and unjustly convict a defendant, the use of psychological testing in the hands of the defense is a completely different story. They suggest that the use of psychological testing by the defense provides a defendant with the opportunity to gain a complete understanding of the facts and to present his/her case in the clearest manner possible (Kaplan & Saccuzzo, 2017).

According to chapter ten, I believe that psychological testing should only be used in court to enhance the prosecutor’s case and never to build a defense. I also believe that psychological testing should only be used by the defense to provide a defendant with the opportunity to gain a complete understanding of the facts and present his or her case in the clearest manner possible. As a result, I strongly oppose the use of psychological testing in judicial settings unless the defense requests the test and the court finds it necessary to order it (Kaplan & Saccuzzo, 2017; Chapter 10).

Chapter eleven

The summary of chapter eleven of this book is that the authors have found evidence that individuals with higher Test Anxiety are more likely to be biased by negative affect than positive. Because the authors believe that Test Anxiety is fundamentally a fear of making an error, one might conclude that this fear should be thought of as a type of negative affect and that Test Anxiety should, accordingly, have a negative affective influence on test performance. In addition, By arguing that Test Anxiety should be thought of as a form of negative affect, the authors provide a rationale for why Test Anxiety should have a negative affective influence on test performance. Although the authors’ argument is compelling, it is worth noting some potential weaknesses in their reasoning. For example, it is conceivable that individuals who are less affected by their anxiety may still perform well on tests even if they have high Test Anxiety. Additionally, the authors do not consider the possibility that Test Anxiety may have a positive effect on test performance. Therefore, the chapter concludes by noting that Test Anxiety is likely to have a negative effect on test performance due to an increase in negative emotions and that it is likely to have a positive effect on test performance due to a decrease in positive emotions and an increase in self-efficacy to overcome anxiety.

In my opinion, chapter eleven does a great job of describing how Test Anxiety can impact an ability to access the material on tests, and how it can impact a test taker’s test performance. It would be beneficial to the authors to expand the discussion to include some more in-depth exploration of strategies to manage Test Anxiety, such as cognitive restructuring, positive psychology approaches, and medication in order to help readers understand and effectively deal with Test Anxiety on a deeper level.

Chapter twelve

In chapter twelve the authors note that ‘the researcher who adopts a positivist stance and believes that psychological test validity can be ascertained through a search for accurate measures rather than through the examination of the test’s constructs may be doing the test-taker a disservice.’ They go on to say that the ‘construct validity of a test is not simply a matter of the measures that are included in the test but also the manner in which the measures are related to the constructs being measured. Kaplan and Saccuzzo argue that ‘the construct validity of a test is not simply a matter of the measures that are included in the test but also the manner in which the measures are related to the constructs being measured.

In my opinion, chapter twelve is a great example of the very powerful interconnectedness of psychology and social movements. It is brief but clear and is a useful, if not necessary, reference for anyone wishing to explore this area further. The authors make an important distinction. They note that the construct validity of a test is not simply a matter of the measures that are included in the test but also the manner in which the measures are related to the constructs being measured.

Chapter thirteen

Finally, the authors in chapter thirteen note that the use of psychological testing may be warranted in some cases where there is uncertainty about the diagnosis or when the etiology is unknown. For instance, in cases where there is uncertainty about the diagnosis or when the etiology is unknown, psychological testing may be warranted. This type of testing can help to establish a diagnosis and to determine the cause of a problem. In addition, this testing may provide information about the prognosis and outcomes of a problem, enabling therapists and parents to be better prepared to make decisions about the appropriate level of care for the child or family.

The authors conclude this chapter by noting that many parents and professionals, especially those with a child with a genetic disorder, are in need of psychological testing, and that “it may be time to re-examine the role of psychological testing in early diagnosis.” If parents or professionals think they may need psychological testing, they should discuss it with their health care provider to determine the need for testing. Therefore, the authors appropriately suggest that psychological testing, when warranted, can be used for “early identification.” The authors also provide helpful tips for both the parent and professional, such as making the testing process as no intimidating as possible and ensuring that testers are experienced in providing psychological assessments.

I believe that chapter thirteen provides helpful information for both the parent and professional when it comes to the use of psychological testing. The authors provide helpful tips for both the parent and professional, such as making the testing process as no intimidating as possible and ensuring that testers are experienced in providing psychological assessments. Therefore, I would recommend this chapter to both parents and professionals.

Reference

Kaplan, R. M., & Saccuzzo, D. P. (2017). Psychological testing: Principles, applications, and issues. Cengage Learning.

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